Oct 27, 2017

P T.jpgOctober is National Physical Therapy month! So let’s take a look at how Physical Therapy got started and where it is today. The historical origin of Physical Therapy is somewhat unknown. Some aspects of Physical Therapy practices can be traced back to Hippocrates in 500 BC. But the earliest documented origins of actual Physical Therapy date back to 1813. Per Henrik Ling, known as the “Father of Swedish Gymnastics” founded the Royal Central Institute for Gymnastics and utilized manipulation and exercise to help ill or injured gymnasts. Many years later, in 1894, the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy was formed in Great Britain by four nurses.

Modern Physical Therapy really started to take shape in the early 1900’s due to the polio outbreak and the World War I. The first PT school was established at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, DC, in 1918. Then the first Physical Therapy association (now called the American Physical Therapy Association) was formed in 1921. Muscle testing, exercise, massage, traction, and manipulation of the spine and extremities became common practices for Physical Therapists to perform. The profession continued to become increasingly more popular during World War II. With more injured soldiers coming home, there was a bigger need for hospitals and all medical personnel; including PT’s to help rehabilitate these soldiers back to full strength.

Today there are over 210,000 Physical Therapists and more than 128,000 Physical Therapy Assistants that are working in the United States. Educational programs for PTs are now focusing on a Doctorate of Physical Therapy degree that takes three years to complete (after completing a bachelor’s degree). Physical Therapy assistants attend a two-year educational program and are trained to deliver treatment for patients under a care plan established a Physical Therapist.

Physical Therapists are recognized as experts in the movement of the human body (called kinesiology). They are now seen as primary care providers that can specialize in 9 different areas: orthopedics, sports medicine, geriatrics, pediatrics, women’s health, neurology, cardiovascular and pulmonary health, clinical electrophysiology, and oncology. Specialization is obtained through a residency program (typically 1 year) or by completing enough hours of clinical work in that specific area of therapy. The PT then has to pass the certification exam to become specialized and be considered an expert in that field. Approximately 10% of all PT’s are certified specialists.

All of the therapists at Healing Motion Physical Therapy provide one-on-one treatment with a specific plan of care for each patient. We are proud to offer individualized services for a variety of conditions, including back pain, rotator cuff repairs, knee replacements, chronic pain, tendinitis, muscle weakness, poor balance, and ankle sprains. Call us today for any pain, limitation or injury that is preventing you from achieving your optimal health!



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